The Jammu & Kashmir Wildlife Protection Act, 1978, was enacted to give fillip to the conservation movement for wild species and Habitat in the state. Subsequently, in the year 1982 under the provisions of the Act, a full fledged Department of Wildlife Protection came into existence with the mandate of conservation, preservation and promotion of the Faunal and Floral heritage of the state.
Protected Area Network in J&K
In order to achieve the basic aim and objective of the Department, the Govt. of Jammu & Kashmir vide various S.R.O’s, and Cabinet decisions, Notifications and Government orders issued from time to time has brought about 15,806.75 sq.km under the Protected Area Network, which comprises of 5 National Parks, 14 Wildlife Sanctuaries and 37 Conservation Reserves.
National Parks : 05
Wildlife Sanctuaries : 14
Conservation Reserves : 37
Total Protected Area : 15806 sq.km
15.58% of total Geographical area of the State
12.73% of total Forest Area of the State
Besides, tremendous Biodiversity, there are about 60 main species of animals in Jammu & Kashmir.
State animal = Hangul State Bird = Black necked crane State Tree = Chinar